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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2021 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Enlightening Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Dental Fluorosis—A Hidden Entity in a Crowd

Deepika Patidar, Dinesh C Patidar, Atul Sharma, Mansi Jain, Priyanka Prasad

Keywords : dental fluorosis, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, discoloration, opacities

Citation Information : Patidar D, Patidar DC, Sharma A, Jain M, Prasad P. Enlightening Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Dental Fluorosis—A Hidden Entity in a Crowd. 2021; 9 (1):14-21.

DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1725218

License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Published Online: 18-03-2021

Copyright Statement:  © 2021. Bhojia Dental College and Hospital affiliated to Himachal Pradesh University.


Abstract

Aim To provide diagnosis as well as differential diagnosis of dental fluorosis. Background Dental fluorosis is a developmental defect of enamel, due to consecutive exposures of tooth during the formative stage of development to the higher concentration of fluoride, resulting in enamel with lesser mineral content and enhanced porosity. Several epidemiological indices have been utilized for diagnosis and assessment of dental fluorosis on the basis of clinical appearance. Fluorosis of the deciduous teeth occurs less commonly and is milder than that of permanent teeth. Highlights The diagnostic difficulties are usually associated between fluorotic and nonfluoride opacities. A complete history of the clinical condition, teeth affected with specific areas, pattern of lesion, color and its method of detection are the few important diagnostic criteria for differentiating dental fluorosis from nonfluoride discolorations of the teeth. Conclusion This review article has enlightened the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of dental fluorosis among various nonfluoride tooth discolorations. A correct diagnosis results in an appropriate and early management of dental fluorosis and plays an important role in oral epidemiology and public health.


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