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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2017 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Blood Groups: A Probable Link to Periodontal Diseases

Aditi Jain, C.G. Devaraj, Harinder Kuckreja, KBS Kuckreja

Keywords : Periodontitis, Blood groups, Rhesus factor

Citation Information : Jain A, Devaraj C, Kuckreja H, Kuckreja K. Blood Groups: A Probable Link to Periodontal Diseases. 2017; 5 (1):47-50.

DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1672080

License: NA

Published Online: 20-05-2017

Copyright Statement:  NA


The presence or absence of blood group antigens has been associated with various diseases, with antigens also acting as receptors for infectious agents. There is paucity of literature available in assessing the relative liability of blood group phenotypes to periodontal diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the association of the ABO blood group and Rhesus factor with periodontal disease to assess whether they can behave as predictors of periodontal diseases. The data was collected from randomly selected 100 individuals who were referred to the Department of Periodontics & Implantology, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College & Hospital, Jaipur for periodontal ailment management or for other reasons related to dental health. The subjects were categorized into three groups according to Russel's Periodontal index: healthy periodontium, gingivitis & periodontitis. Blood samples were collected to identify the ABO blood group and Rh factor by the slide method. The effect of blood subgroups on periodontal health, gingivitis and periodontitis was investigated separately. Results & Conclusion: More number of healthy subjects in blood group A. Gingivitis and periodontitis were found more in blood group O and blood group AB, respectively. Rh positive subjects had higher distribution in all study groups.

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